erfa.ld(bm, p, q, e, em, dlim)[source]

Apply light deflection by a solar-system body, as part of transforming coordinate direction into natural direction.

bmdouble array
pdouble array
qdouble array
edouble array
emdouble array
dlimdouble array
p1double array


Wraps ERFA function eraLd. The ERFA documentation is:

- - - - - -
 e r a L d
- - - - - -

Apply light deflection by a solar-system body, as part of
transforming coordinate direction into natural direction.

   bm     double     mass of the gravitating body (solar masses)
   p      double[3]  direction from observer to source (unit vector)
   q      double[3]  direction from body to source (unit vector)
   e      double[3]  direction from body to observer (unit vector)
   em     double     distance from body to observer (au)
   dlim   double     deflection limiter (Note 4)

   p1     double[3]  observer to deflected source (unit vector)


1) The algorithm is based on Expr. (70) in Klioner (2003) and
   Expr. (7.63) in the Explanatory Supplement (Urban & Seidelmann
   2013), with some rearrangement to minimize the effects of machine

2) The mass parameter bm can, as required, be adjusted in order to
   allow for such effects as quadrupole field.

3) The barycentric position of the deflecting body should ideally
   correspond to the time of closest approach of the light ray to
   the body.

4) The deflection limiter parameter dlim is phi^2/2, where phi is
   the angular separation (in radians) between source and body at
   which limiting is applied.  As phi shrinks below the chosen
   threshold, the deflection is artificially reduced, reaching zero
   for phi = 0.

5) The returned vector p1 is not normalized, but the consequential
   departure from unit magnitude is always negligible.

6) The arguments p and p1 can be the same array.

7) To accumulate total light deflection taking into account the
   contributions from several bodies, call the present function for
   each body in succession, in decreasing order of distance from the

8) For efficiency, validation is omitted.  The supplied vectors must
   be of unit magnitude, and the deflection limiter non-zero and


   Urban, S. & Seidelmann, P. K. (eds), Explanatory Supplement to
   the Astronomical Almanac, 3rd ed., University Science Books

   Klioner, Sergei A., "A practical relativistic model for micro-
   arcsecond astrometry in space", Astr. J. 125, 1580-1597 (2003).

   eraPdp       scalar product of two p-vectors
   eraPxp       vector product of two p-vectors

This revision:   2021 February 24

Copyright (C) 2013-2023, NumFOCUS Foundation.
Derived, with permission, from the SOFA library.  See notes at end of file.